On Printing Education in China from the perspectiv

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Looking at China's Printing Education from the demand for talents in the printing industry at present, China's printing education has basically formed a teaching system of "Technical Education - Higher Education - degree education", and the number of printing colleges has grown from 19 in 1980 to more than 100 now. The total number of students majoring in printing is estimated to be no less than 5000. It should be said that China's printing education has formed a scale, which has provided strong support for the development of China's printing industry. However, judging from the current development level of China's market economy, there is still a lack of talents in the printing industry

lack of human resources

from the perspective of the macroeconomic situation at home and abroad, China's printing industry is facing the greatest opportunity on the one hand. It is understood that the output value of printing industry in developed countries in the world accounts for 3% to 4% of GDP. In fact, the software systems of experimental equipment are generally similar, while the output value of printing industry in China accounts for only about 2% of GDP; In terms of per capita paper consumption, it is about 30kg in developed countries such as the United States and about 5kg in China. On the other hand, after China's accession to the WTO, large foreign packaging and printing enterprises have entered China one after another, which has had a great impact on China's printing industry. In addition, due to the influence of various comprehensive factors, the talent level trained by the school is low, which is not enough to meet the needs of the printing and packaging industry. Under the influence of these three aspects, China's printing industry shows a lack of talent resources

the formation of the education system

the comprehensive development of the market economy, the rapid development of the printing industry, has also promoted the development of printing education. After China entered the 1990s, many colleges and universities in various provinces set up printing engineering or packaging decoration majors. Preliminary statistics include: Jiangnan University (formerly Wuxi Light Industry University), Shandong Qufu Normal University, Tianjin staff and workers University, Guangdong Light Industry Vocational and technical college, Shenzhen Vocational and technical college, Hubei Jingmen vocational and technical college, Xi'an University of technology, Beijing Capital Normal University, Wuhan University, Beijing Printing Institute, Xi'an University of technology, School of printing and packaging engineering There are 23 colleges and universities, including the school of packaging and printing engineering of Hunan University of Technology (the former Zhuzhou Institute of Technology), the school of publishing and printing of Shanghai University of technology, the Department of packaging engineering of Zhengzhou University, and the school of packaging and printing engineering of Tianjin University of science and technology. In addition, schools such as South China University of technology, the University of information engineering of the Chinese people's Liberation Army, and the school of light and chemical engineering of Changsha University of technology also have professional settings related to printing, Printing secondary vocational and technical education is also widely carried out in various provinces and cities. There are professional printing technical schools in Beijing, Shanghai, Dajin, Hebei, Liaoning, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Shandong, Shaanxi, Fujian, Zhejiang, Yunnan, Xinjiang, Anhui and other places. It is estimated that the total number of students majoring in printing will further improve their competitiveness in the market. It is estimated that there will be no less than 5000 students. It should be said that China's printing education has formed a scale, which has provided strong support for the development of China's printing industry

education issues highlight

at present, the level of talents required by the printing industry is also uneven. Different types of talents are needed in pre press, printing and post press processing. Therefore, China's education system should cultivate printing talents at different levels and in different fields according to specific needs. Looking at the current teaching forms, such as printing machinery, printing reproduction, packaging engineering and other professional colleges or higher vocational education has cultivated many talents with practical ability, but the talents in anti-counterfeiting technology are insufficient. Therefore, our printing education should also strengthen the training of technology, so that we can print higher quality products, and our printing industry can develop faster

teaching reform is urgent

with the implementation of the Asian packaging center in Hangzhou and the rapid development of the printing and packaging industry in Hangzhou and the Yangtze River Delta, Jiangsu, Zhejiang and other provinces around Shanghai are attracting more and more talents because of their good development trend

graduates with solid professional knowledge and strong practical ability are most favored by enterprises. After employment, many graduates always show the shortcomings of having high goals but low hands and being eager for high goals. The first batch of major project acceptance was deployed and started. Their inexplicable sense of superiority and impetuous mood made them unable to devote themselves to their work. After a long time, they were quickly transferred due to various objective factors. Therefore, many enterprises can not rest assured about the newly graduated students and are cautious when recruiting

the turnover rate of many enterprises in China has reached about 20%, especially the turnover rate of new employees. Many enterprises are in the cycle of "recruitment, loss, re recruitment and re loss", which not only causes a large waste of resources in recruitment and training. The reasons for this phenomenon are that the graduates feel that the enterprise is not suitable for them, and another factor that can not be ignored is that the enterprises are not very satisfied with the practical ability of the graduates

we clearly see that employers are indeed "employers" and it is not their obligation to cultivate talents. In the face of such a situation, colleges and universities should strive to create conditions to improve the cultivation of College Students' abilities in hands-on ability, mutual cooperation ability and multi-disciplinary knowledge ability, so as to fully meet the requirements of employers for graduates, enhance the competitiveness of graduates and meet the needs of high-level talents. This is also the only way to reduce the pressure of employment and reform the teaching system

source: China Packaging News


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