The hottest glass industry has a long way to go

2022-07-26
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The development of the glass industry has a long way to go

in order to achieve the goal of "innovative development, coordinated development, green development, open development and shared development" of the glass industry, the key is to innovate thinking, explore ideas, adjust industrial structure, accelerate transformation and upgrading, and accelerate the supply side structural reform of the glass industry. Starting from the supply system, especially the market demand side, increasing the production of products with new market demand, curbing the increase of similar technological capacity and reducing the production of surplus industrial products, and organizing production according to market demand is a real change in the development mode, promoting the development of emerging industries and traditional industries to high-end, accelerating the development of new green building materials, expanding effective supply, adding new economic growth points by strengthening organizational leadership and promoting economic growth at a high level, Changing the industrial structure is the most realistic and effective means to cope with the decline of economic growth and reverse the decline of economic benefits. By promoting the supply side structural reform, we should truly base ourselves on market demand, develop according to demand, adjust development priorities, adjust development policies, and turn development to increase effective supply, high-end, foreign and market consumption demand, so as to change the development path, increase expansion channels, and comprehensively improve the development level and economic benefits of the industry

(I) innovation drive should be put in the first place

the most important thing is concept innovation, which is not only to deal with the current difficulties, but should be regarded as a revolution in the concept of the glass industry. Seriously reflect on the past development model, completely change the concept of development, carry forward the entrepreneurial spirit, and achieve technological progress, structural optimization and business model innovation

in recent years, faced with the overcapacity of traditional industries and the measurement of wear spots of emerging steel balls, it is a new situation that the pace of industrial development is slow, and the pressure of environmental protection, energy conservation and emission reduction is increasing sharply. In the past, with the advantages of resources and labor costs, as long as we imitate others, we can develop with the market. But now the development mode of relying on market capacity alone has been unsustainable. We must strengthen innovation, and the implementation of the strategy needs to be based on the basic point of "relying on innovation to drive, speed up industrial restructuring, transformation and upgrading". In the new year, we must put innovation drive in the first place, focus on "eliminating backwardness and resolving excess capacity", "promoting industrial structure adjustment, transformation and upgrading", "accelerating the implementation of innovative research and development of second-generation float glass technology and equipment", "effectively expanding overseas markets", etc

(II) resolve excess and eliminate backward production capacity

2016, the conditions for accelerating the resolution of excess production capacity of flat glass are ripe. The central government has made it clear that the four annihilation wars will be fought in 2016, and the leading one is to eliminate excess capacity. Therefore, it can be expected that a series of implementation measures will be intensively introduced to create a good policy environment for glass to resolve overcapacity. In addition, the glass industry has done some work in the implementation of GF [2013] No. 41 document and made preliminary progress; The increasingly stringent environmental protection policy and the declining market situation have made the industry enterprises have a deeper understanding of the harm of overcapacity, which will certainly improve their enthusiasm and initiative to resolve overcapacity

(III) promoting industrial transformation and upgrading and structural adjustment

at present, China's economy has entered a new stage of "structural adjustment", the background of industrial development has undergone great changes, and China's economy has entered a new normal. The glass industry is an industry with high energy consumption and high environmental load. If enterprises only rely on the change of quantity, they can no longer move forward. The environment for rapid development in the past is gone. It is imperative to transform, upgrade and adjust the structure of the industry

(IV) effectively promote energy conservation and emission reduction

flat glass consumes 10million tons of standard coal per year, accounting for 0% of China's industrial energy consumption. 5%, which is a large energy consumer. The annual emission of SO2 and NOx reaches about 400000 tons

in recent years, the country has become more and more strict with environmental protection requirements, environmental constraints have been strengthened, and energy conservation and emission reduction efforts have been increasing

with the continuous improvement of national environmental protection requirements, since 2014, the treatment of glass furnace flue gas has entered the "fast lane", but there are still many problems to be solved before effective treatment and "up to standard emission" can be achieved. In october2015, the Building Materials Federation organized and held the "National Conference on comprehensively promoting energy conservation and emission reduction in the water, glass and ceramics industries" and issued the "proposal". To this end, the focus of energy conservation and emission reduction in 2016 should focus on and solve the key problems that hinder the "realization of standards". First, how to ensure the authenticity and reliability of energy consumption and emission data reported by enterprises, otherwise the assessment and evaluation are meaningless, and "elimination" is impossible. In terms of measures, first of all, energy consumption should be checked and evaluated by a third party. There should be real-time monitoring and liaison of pollutant discharge. Secondly, law enforcement departments and local governments such as environmental protection, energy conservation and quality supervision should be implemented to investigate. At the same time, the enterprise system should be improved. Once the reported data are found to be untrue or fraudulent, the enterprise leaders should be investigated. The second is to solve the problems existing in the "denitration" treatment, including the current domestic denitration technology is not mature enough, and the high treatment cost. To this end, first, it is necessary to improve the "denitration" treatment technology as soon as possible, and determine a reasonable process and mature process equipment; Second, we should study the ways and measures to further reduce the cost of governance; Third, we should introduce relevant policies such as financial subsidies and tax incentives; Fourth, it is strictly prohibited to use inferior fuels such as petroleum coke powder, otherwise the best treatment equipment will also become a "look project"

(V) implement merger and reorganization, develop large groups, and improve industrial concentration, which is conducive to digestion of excess capacity, accelerating the withdrawal of backward capacity, eliminating excessive competition among enterprises, and helping Johnson Matthey: enter the field of high-energy nickel based cathode materials to improve the competitiveness of enterprises. At present, China's glass industry is too scattered, and the concentration of the top 10 is only 53%, with serious homogeneous competition and weak anti risk ability; Lack of industry leading enterprises with strong technology and market leading ability, strong brand influence and international competitiveness. The outstanding problems faced by the flat glass industry highlight the necessity, importance and urgency of accelerating structural adjustment and improving industrial concentration

the merger and reorganization of China's flat glass industry has made slow progress. The first reason is the lack of M & a funds; Second, the support of local governments is not strong enough, and cross regional mergers and acquisitions are difficult; Third, there is a lack of incentive policies for mergers and acquisitions, and the cost of mergers and acquisitions is high

the merger and reorganization of enterprises involves complex issues such as creditor's rights, debts and personnel placement. It requires not only the support of policies, but also the support of funds, as well as the enterprise's innovation courage and industry responsibility. Since 2016, it is necessary to study and issue the "implementation plan for the merger and reorganization of the flat glass industry", promote substantial progress in the basic standards for flat glass, and make active efforts to achieve the goal of 70% concentration of the top 10 industries in the "13th five year plan"

(VI) implementing "going out", expanding foreign markets and steadily realizing internationalization

implementing "going out" to realize international operation is not only a way to resolve overcapacity, but also the only way to improve the industrial level and achieve the strategic goal of "surpassing and leading". After years of development, China's glass industry has the strength to participate in international competition. However, the experience of "going out" in recent years reflects our strong manufacturing capacity and weak market capacity. As a large glass manufacturing country, our technology and equipment level has reached or approached the world level. It can be said that our production capacity is ready for the world, but our product exports only account for less than 10% of the total. In addition, the export structure of low-end products has not been fundamentally changed, and there is a serious shortage of export capacity, export technology and export services. However, we have not really gone global and realized global layout like the large multinational companies in developed countries

we should seize strategic opportunities such as the "the Belt and Road" and international production capacity cooperation, accelerate the pace of "going global", encourage enterprises to rely on domestic capital and technology, make use of foreign resources and markets, deploy new market capabilities abroad, support internationally competitive enterprises, jointly restructure foreign enterprises through the capital market, participate in investment and operation in the international market, and better allocate resources globally, Realize the continuous upgrading from product output, technology output to capital output, and steadily realize internationalization

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